- Two pairs of nenes (Hawai'ian geese), close and well-lit; great viewing of them.
- Two different 'ios, one wheeling about in the distance and the other swooping right over our truck.
- Lots of apapane – quite possibly the most common bird up there.
- Several saffron finches, one of the more striking birds there (see these photos).
- Some yellow-billed cardinals, handsome devils.
- Several northern cardinals, which look out of place to us, but seem quite happy to be here.
- Several common amakihi, munching on koa blossoms.
- Several red-billed leiothrix, including one really nice viewing.
- Scads of yellow-fronted canary, a very common bird here anywhere there's grass.
- Dozens of a bird we have tentatively identified as common waxbills. We need a better viewing to nail that down. We usually saw these foraging alongside yellow-fronted canaries.
- Several oma'o, including two particularly good viewings.
- Lots of Japanese white eyes, a very common bird here.
- Some house finches, perhaps ten. One thing that struck us about them is that they're more orange than the red we're used to. Another thing: most of the native birds are smaller than the house finches – we had to reset our mental scale.
- Several Erckel's francolins, an introduced game bird.
- A peacock and two peahens. These are definitely not natives; we're guessing the ranchers nearby brought them in as pets.
- A dozen or so goats running around in open range land. One of them amused us by jumping up on a fallen koa and running up and down the log.
- Bazillions of beef cattle on open range land.
The second photo shows a little building that we ran into while traversing Kapapala Ranch on the way to the forest preserve. I had to study it for a bit to figure it out: it's a solar-powered fence electrifying system. The third photo shows a nearby gate that it electrifies (along with a lot of fencing). I was very careful opening that thing – didn't want to get knocked on my butt! The bulldozer photo shows a Caterpillar D8N – a large bulldozer built in the late '80s or early '90s – that was parked at the highest point we reached on our trip. That's a valuable (even if old) piece of machinery that's way out of the way! The last photo shows a small fenced area, perhaps 12' on a side We saw several of these during our trip today, and we have no idea what purpose they serve. My first thought was that they were protecting some delicate plant, but no such plant was in evidence in any of them.
In the evening we went out to dinner with our host at Hale Ohia, Michael Tuttle. We've known Michael now for nearly thirty years, and we started coming to Hale Ohia shortly after he opened it. This dinner was our thank you to him for being so accommodating to us for our scheduling needs (we had to cancel one trip at the last minute when Debbie was injured), and for being so nice to us over the years. We went to Ohelo Cafe in Volcano Village, and had an excellent meal. Debbie and I both had their fish special: grilled ono with a coconut-and-balsamic reduction sauce on jasmine rice, with Brussels sprouts and caramelized onions. Fantastic! Then for dessert we had creme brulee – very good, but not quite as good as our gold standard from the Gastrognome in Idyllwild.